milliken table linens

With Finishing Equipment

How to Wash Milliken Napery Fabrics With Finishing Equipment

Basic Requirements
  1. Equipment must be free of burrs and sharp edges. 
  2. Washing equipment should have properly functioning water level and temperature controls.
  3. Follow normal extraction procedures on cool (90°-100°F) linens.* 
  4. Cleaning and waxing of ironer chest, and maintenance of roll pads and covers should comply with ironer manufacturer’s recommendations. Maintain chest temperature between 310º F and 325º F on gas, steam, electric, and thermal fluid ironers.
  5. Chemical feed systems must be functioning properly.
    *Polyester spun fabrics will retain more moisture and may require longer drying time.​​​​

Processing Requirements 

  1. Before placing new linen into service, it should be washed separately to remove manufacturing residual dyes. Darker shades should be washed separately several times. 
  2. Shade groups such as darks, mediums, and lights should be washed separately. To avoid color contamination, red colors should always be washed separately. 
  3. Milliken napery fabrics should be washed separately from 100% cotton and poly/cotton blends to avoid contamination from lint and ensure proper cleaning. 
  4. Wash formula and wash chemicals should be appropriate for type and amount of soil to be removed.* 
  5. Surfactants are recommended in the break cycle. 
  6. Use of complex phosphates along with silicated alkalies are recommended where permitted by law. 
  7. Soaps of animal or vegetable fats should be avoided. 
  8. Bleaches should not be used on colored Milliken napery. 
  9. White Milliken Napery should receive antichlor treatment after hypochlorite or other chlorine bleaching. 
  10. For good mechanical action, load washwheel: Full Drop—90%, Split Pocket—75%, Y-Pocket—65%.
  11. Softeners and waxes must not be used with Milliken napery, as these will mask the absorbency of the fabric. 
  12. Adequate rinsing to remove residual chemicals is necessary to ensure maximum fabric life and color retention. 
    *Additional chemicals and/or time may be required for spun polyester.

Processing Requirements For All Signature Stripe, Including Chambray, And Checkpoint

  1. All requirements as stated above. 
  2. All Signature Stripe should be washed with White loads to prevent color transfer onto the white areas.  

Starching and Sizing 

​A clean fiber surface with good water absorbency is essential for proper starching or sizing of our prodcuts. To test, place a few drops of water on a clean, ironed, and cool napkin. If water is completely absorbed into fabric within three seconds, proper adhesion and film formation of starch or size should occur. Absorbency time in excess of three seconds will require adequate clean up prior to starching or sizing. 

  1. Sour should be added to the wheel and allowed to dispense prior to adding starch or size. We suggest addition of sour two minutes prior to addition of starch or size. This will help avoid differential absorption resulting in hard and soft spots in the napery. Sour should be added to achieve a pH of 5.5 to 6.5. 
  2. Starch or size should be applied during the sour step of the formula. Water level should be as low as practical. Water temperature should be maintained in the 90º F to 100º F range to facilitate dispersion and avoid highlighting.
  3. Wheel should be allowed to run eight to ten minutes after addition of starch or size to allow even penetration of the dispersion throughout the load. 
  4. Twelve to 24 ounces per hundred weight of starch or combined starch and size are adequate to cover the range of aesthetics desired by restaurant customers. Corn, wheat, and rice pregelatinized (dry to the wheel) starches as well as most cooked starches have all been found to work well on our napery. Synthetic size in conjunction with starch also works well for those accounts who desire extra firmness. Synthetic size must be removed with each wash. 
  5. If possible, use sufficient extraction to permit napery to be ironed without tumbling. Excessive tumbling will reduce the effectiveness of the starch or size significantly.

Download our Wash Instructions Recommendations with Finishing Equipment

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